How to make Solar Powered Electric Bicycle

How to make Solar Powered Electric Bicycle

 An attempt is made in the fabrication of a solar powered electric bicycle (bike or cycle) System for a two-wheeler.

There are so many vehicles that came to influence in the existing world. Their operating systems are based on the usual fossil fuel system. At the present sense the fossil fuel can exceed only for a certain period after that we have to go for a change to other methods. Thus we have made an attempt to design and fabricate an ultimate system (solar bicycle) which would produce the cheaper & effective result than the existing system. This will be very useful to the future needs of the world.

 This works on electric power distributed by the DC electric motor receiving the current from a solar. The motor and the various parts are such as sprocket, chain assembly, bicycle and with easily available materials to serve and fulfill the purpose of the project.

 The drive system of the normal bicycle is not altered. This system is a two in one system. The bicycle is operated either by

  • Pedaling manually
  • Solar and motor driving mechanism.


All vehicles that are in the market cause pollution and the fuel cost is also increasing day by day. In order to compensate the fluctuating fuel cost and reducing the pollution a good remedy is needed i.e. our transporting system.

Due to ignition of the hydrocarbon fuels, in the vehicle, some time difficulties such as wear and tear may be higher and more attention is needed for proper maintenance. Our vehicle is easy to handle and no fuel cost to the other existing vehicles. Hence a need for a change in the existing alternative system which can produce higher efficiency at minimum cost was thought about an attempt has been made to design and fabricate such an alternative system.

 So this project “solar bicycle” is very much useful, since it is provided with good quality of power sources and simple operating mechanism. Hence “each and every drop of fuel saves our economy and meet the needs” is the saturation point that is to be attained as soon as possible. In order to achieve this saturation point we have to save and seek for some other source of power. This power, the alternate power must be much more convenient in availability and usage. The next important reason for the search of effective, unadulterated power are to save the surrounding environments, including men, machine and material of both the existing and the next forth generation of pollution, the cause for many harmful happenings and to reach the saturation point.

 The most talented power against the natural resource is supposed to be the electric and solar energies that best suit the automobiles. The unadulterated zero emission electrical and solar power, is the only easily attainable alternate source. Hence we decided to incorporate the electric power in the field of automobile, the concept of many Multi National Companies (MNC) and to get relieved from the incorrigible air pollution.

 This implementation concept is tried to the best two wheeler Bicycle. The various simple arrangements done for the good driving conditions of the SOLAR powered Bicycle with its most needed specifications was summarized in this report.


This Solar bicycle is a two in one system. It is operating both the condition. They are,

  • By using Normal pedaling
  • By using SOLAR-motor drive Arrangement.


The working of SOLAR-motor drive mechanism is explained below. The working principle of the system starts with the SOLAR connections. In SOLAR there are two terminals. One is the positive terminal and another one is the negative terminal. The wire connections were made for the flow of electrons from one part to another part. When the motor energize through the current, the stator field coil gets magnetized and induces the rotor shaft to rotate in the counter clockwise direction. At the end of the motor shaft relevant conditions were made for the seating of sprocket assembly. The sprocket – chain arrangement is a power transmission device, which gives drive to the rear wheel.


  • No Fuel cost.
  • No pollution & No fuel residue
  • Easy starting
  • Less wear & tear because no reciprocating parts
  • Lubrication is not necessary
  • It will run both the conditions (Manual pedaling, SOLAR running).


  • Solar should be charged periodically
  • Not fit for long travel
  • Not applicable for heavy loads until suitable power supply & driving unit