GATE 2016 ME – SET 1 – Complete Solutions

Q1. The solution to the system of equations


(A) 6, 2                (B) -6, 2                  (C) -6, -2                 (D) 6, -2

Solution: (D)

Q2. If f(t) is a function defined for all t ≥ 0, its Laplace transform F(s) is defined as

(A) $$\int_{0}^{\infty }e^{st}f(t)dt$$

(B) $$\int_{0}^{\infty }e^{-st}f(t)dt$$

(C) $$\int_{0}^{\infty }e^{ist}f(t)dt$$

(D) $$\int_{0}^{\infty }e^{-ist}f(t)dt$$

Solution: (B)

Q3. f(z) = u(x, y) + i v(x, y) is an analytic function of complex variable z = x + iy where i = √− 1. If u(x, y)= 2xy, then v(x, y) may be expressed as

(A) $$-x^{2}+y^{2}+$$constant                          (B) $$x^{2}-y^{2}+$$constant

(C) $$x^{2}+y^{2}+$$constant                            (D) $$-(x^{2}+y^{2})+$$constant

Solution: (A)

Q4. Consider a Poisson distribution for the tossing of a biased coin. The mean for this distribution is μ. The standard deviation for this distribution is given by

(A) $$\sqrt{\mu }$$             (B) $$\mu ^{2}$$              (C) $$\mu$$                  (D) $$1/\mu$$

Solution: (A)

Q5. Solve the equation x = 10 cos(x) using the Newton-Raphson method. The initial guess is x = π/4. The value of the predicted root after the first iteration, up to second decimal, is ________

Solution: Key = 1.53 to 1.59

Q6. A rigid ball of weight 100 N is suspended with the help of a string. The ball is pulled by a horizontal force F such that the string makes an angle of 30° with the vertical. The magnitude of force F (in N) is __________


Solution: Key = 55 to 60

Q7. A point mass M is released from rest and slides down a spherical bowl (of radius R) from a height H as shown in the figure below. The surface of the bowl is smooth (no friction). The velocity of the mass at the bottom of the bowl is


(A) √gH                      (B) √2gR                       (C) √2gH                  (D) 0

Solution: (C)

Q8. The cross sections of two hollow bars made of the same material are concentric circles as shown in the figure. It is given that r3 > r1 and r4 > r2, and that the areas of the cross-sections are the same. J1 and J2 are the torsional rigidities of the bars on the left and right, respectively. The ratio J2/J1is


(A) >1                   (B) < 0.5                  (C) =1                     (D) between 0.5 and 1

Solution: (A)

Q9. A cantilever beam having square cross-section of side a is subjected to an end load. If a is increased by 19%, the tip deflection decreases approximately by

(A) 19%                 (B) 29%                    (D) 41%                 (D) 50%

Solution: (D)

Q10. A car is moving on a curved horizontal road of radius 100 m with a speed of 20 m/s. The rotating masses of the engine have an angular speed of 100 rad/s in clockwise direction when viewed from the front of the car. The combined moment of inertia of the rotating masses is 10 kg-m2. The magnitude of the gyroscopic moment (in N-m) is __________

Solution: Key = 199 to 201

Q11. A single degree of freedom spring mass system with viscous damping has a spring constant of 10 kN/m. The system is excited by a sinusoidal force of amplitude 100 N. If the damping factor (ratio) is 0.25, the amplitude of steady state oscillation at resonance is ________mm.

Solution: Key = 19.9 to 20.1

Q12. The spring constant of a helical compression spring DOES NOT depend on

(A) coil diameter                                (B) material strength

(C) number of active turns               (D) wire diameter

Solution: (B)

Q13. The instantaneous stream-wise velocity of a turbulent flow is given as follows: $$u(x,y,z,t)=\bar{u}(x,y,z)+{u}'(x,y,z,t)$$

The time-average of the fluctuating velocity u’ (x, y, z, t) is

(A) $$\frac{{u}’}{2}$$                        (B) $$-\frac{{u}’}{2}$$
(C) zero                                                    (D) $$\frac{\bar{u}}{2}$$

Solution: (C)

Q14. For a floating body, buoyant force acts at the

(A) centroid of the floating body                                             (B) center of gravity of the body

(C) centroid of the fluid vertically below the body              (D) centroid of the displaced fluid

Solution: (D)

Q15. A plastic sleeve of outer radius r0 = 1 mm covers a wire (radius r = 0.5 mm) carrying electric current. Thermal conductivity of the plastic is 0.15 W/m-K. The heat transfer coefficient on the outer surface of the sleeve exposed to air is 25 W/m2-K. Due to the addition of the plastic cover, the heat transfer from the wire to the ambient will

(A) increase         (B) remain the same           (C) decrease             (D) be zero

Solution: (A)

Q16. Which of the following statements are TRUE with respect to heat and work?

(i) They are boundary phenomena

(ii) They are exact differentials

(iii) They are path functions

(A) both (i) and (ii)         (B) both (i) and (iii)         (C) both (ii) and (iii)           (D) only (iii)

Solution: (B)

Q17. Propane (C3H8) is burned in an oxygen atmosphere with 10% deficit oxygen with respect to the stoichiometric requirement. Assuming no hydrocarbons in the products, the volume percentage of CO in the products is __________

Solution: Key = 13.7 to 14.9

Q18. Consider two hydraulic turbines having identical specific speed and effective head at the inlet. If the speed ratio (N1/N2) of the two turbines is 2, then the respective power ratio (P1/P2) is _____________

Solution: Key = 0.24 to 0.26

Q19. The INCORRECT statement about regeneration in vapor power cycle is that

(A) it increases the irreversibility by adding the liquid with higher energy content to the steam generator

(B) heat is exchanged between the expanding fluid in the turbine and the compressed fluid before heat addition

(C) the principle is similar to the principle of Stirling gas cycle

(D) it is practically implemented by providing feed water heaters

Solution: (A)

Q20. The “Jominy test” is used to find

(A) Young’s modulus         (B) hardenability         (C) yield strength             (D) thermal conductivity

Solution: (B)

Q21. Under optimal conditions of the process the temperatures experienced by a copper work piece in fusion welding, brazing and soldering are such that

(A)                              (B) 

(C)                              (D) 

Solution: (D)

Q22. The part of a gating system which regulates the rate of pouring of molten metal is

(A) pouring basin               (B) runner                 (C) choke                  (D) ingate

Solution: (C)

Q23. The non-traditional machining process that essentially requires vacuum is

(A) electron beam machining                                    (B) electro chemical machining

(C) electro chemical discharge machining              (D) electro discharge machining

Solution: (A)

Q24. In an orthogonal cutting process the tool used has rake angle of zero degree. The measured cutting force and thrust force are 500 N and 250 N, respectively. The coefficient of friction between the tool and the chip is _________

Solution: 0.49 to 0.51

Q25. Match the following: 

P. Feeler gauge                               I. Radius of an object

Q. Fillet gauge                                II. Diameter within limits by comparison

R. Snap gauge                                III. Clearance or gap between components

S. Cylindrical plug gauge             IV. Inside diameter of straight hole

(A) P-III, Q-I, R-II, S-IV              (B) P–III, Q–II, R–I, S–IV

(C) P–IV, Q–II, R–I, S–III          (D) P–IV, Q–I, R–II, S–III

Solution: (A)

Q26. Consider the function f(x) = 2x3 − 3x2 in the domain [−1, 2]. The global minimum of f(x) is __________

Solution: Key = -5.1 to -4.9

Q27. If y = f(x) satisfies the boundary value problem y” + 9y = 0, y(0) = 0, y(π/2) = √2, then y(π/4) is ________

Solution: -1.05 to -0.95

Q28. The value of the integral


evaluated using contour integration and the residue theorem is

(A) −π sin(1)/e             (B) −π cos(1)/e              (C) sin(1)/e              (D) cos(1)/e

Solution: (A)

Q29. Gauss-Seidel method is used to solve the following equations (as per the given order):

x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 5

2x1 + 3x2 + x3 = 1

3x1 + 2x2 + x3 = 3

Assuming initial guess as x1 = x2 = x3 = 0, the value of x3after the first iteration is ________

Solution: Key = -6 to -6

Q30. A block of mass m rests on an inclined plane and is attached by a string to the wall as shown in the figure. The coefficient of static friction between the plane and the block is 0.25. The string can withstand a maximum force of 20 N. The maximum value of the mass (m) for which the string will not break and the block will be in static equilibrium is ____________ kg.

Take cos θ = 0.8 and sin θ = 0.6.

Acceleration due to gravity g = 10 m/s2


Solution: Key = 4.95 to 5.05

Q31. A two-member truss PQR is supporting a load W. The axial forces in members PQ and QR are respectively


(A) 2W tensile and √3W compressive                          (B) √3W tensile and 2W compressive

(C) √3W compressive and 2W tensile                          (D) 2W compressive and √3W tensile

Q32. A horizontal bar with a constant cross-section is subjected to loading as shown in the figure. The Young’s moduli for the sections AB and BC are 3E and E, respectively.


For the deflection at C to be zero, the ratio P/F is ____________

Solution: Key = 3.9 to 4.1

Q33. The figure shows cross-section of a beam subjected to bending. The area moment of inertia (in mm4) of this cross-section about its base is ___________


Solution: Key = 1873 to 1879

Q34. A simply-supported beam of length 3L is subjected to the loading shown in the figure.


It is given that P = 1 N, L = 1 m and Young’s modulus E = 200 GPa. The cross-section is a square with dimension 10 mm × 10 mm. The bending stress (in Pa) at the point A located at the top surface of the beam at a distance of 1.5L from the left end is _____________

(Indicate compressive stress by a negative sign and tensile stress by a positive sign.)

Solution: Key = -1 to 1

Q35. A slider crank mechanism with crank radius 200 mm and connecting rod length 800 mm is shown. The crank is rotating at 600 rpm in the counterclockwise direction. In the configuration shown, the crank makes an angle of 90 with the sliding direction of the slider, and a force of 5 kN is acting on the slider. Neglecting the inertia forces, the turning moment on the crank (in kN-m) is __________


Solution: Key = 0.9 to 1.1

Q36. In the gear train shown, gear 3 is carried on arm 5. Gear 3 meshes with gear 2 and gear 4. The number of teeth on gear 2, 3, and 4 are 60, 20, and 100, respectively. If gear 2 is fixed and gear 4 rotates with an angular velocity of 100 rpm in the counterclockwise direction, the angular speed of arm 5 (in rpm) is


(A) 166.7 counterclockwise

(B) 166.7 clockwise

(C) 62.5 counterclockwise

(D) 62.5 clockwise

Solution: Key = (C)


Q37. A solid disc with radius a is connected to a spring at a point d above the center of the disc. The other end of the spring is fixed to the vertical wall. The disc is free to roll without slipping on the ground. The mass of the disc is M and the spring constant is K. The polar moment of inertia for the disc about its centre is J = Ma2/2.


The natural frequency of this system in rad/s is given by

(A)               (B)                   (C)                     (D) 

Solution: (A) 

Q38. The principal stresses at a point inside a solid object are σ1= 100 MPa, σ2 = 100 MPa and σ3 = 0 MPa. The yield strength of the material is 200 MPa. The factor of safety calculated using Tresca (maximum shear stress) theory is nT and the factor of safety calculated using von Mises (maximum distortional energy) theory is nV. Which one of the following relations is TRUE?

(A)            (B)              (C)                 (D) 

Solution: (C) 

Q39. An inverted U-tube manometer is used to measure the pressure difference between two pipes A and B, as shown in the figure. Pipe A is carrying oil (Specific gravity = 0.8) and pipe B is carrying water. The densities of air and water are 1.16 kg/m3 and 1000 kg/m3, respectively. The pressure difference between pipes A and B is _____________ kPa.

Acceleration due to gravity g = 10 m/s2.


Solution: Key = -2.21 to -2.19 ; 2.19 to 2.21

Q40. Oil (kinematic viscosity, voil = 1.0 × 10−5 m2/s) flows through a pipe of 0.5 m diameter with a velocity of 10 m/s. Water (kinematic viscosity, vw = 0.89 × 10−6 m2/s) is flowing through a model pipe of diameter 20 mm. For satisfying the dynamic similarity, the velocity of water (in m/s) is __________

Solution: Key = 22.0 to 22.5

Q41. A steady laminar boundary layer is formed over a flat plate as shown in the figure. The free stream velocity of the fluid is Uo. The velocity profile at the inlet a-b is uniform, while that at a downstream location c-d is given by



The ratio of the mass flow rate, $$\dot{m}_{bd}$$ leaving through the horizontal section b-d to that entering through the vertical section a-b is ___________

Solution: Key = 0.32 to 0.34

Q42. A steel ball of 10 mm diameter at 1000 K is required to be cooled to 350 K by immersing it in a water environment at 300 K. The convective heat transfer coefficient is 1000 W/m2-K. Thermal conductivity of steel is 40 W/m-K. The time constant for the cooling process τ is 16 s. The time required (in s) to reach the final temperature is __________

Solution: Key = 42.0 to 42.5

Q43. An infinitely long furnace of 0.5 m × 0. 4 m cross-section is shown in the figure below. Consider all surfaces of the furnace to be black. The top and bottom walls are maintained at temperature T1 = T3 = 927℃ while the side walls are at temperature T2 = T4 = 527℃. The view factor, F1-2 is 0.26. The net radiation heat loss or gain on side 1 is_________ W/m.

Stefan-Boltzmann constant = 5.67 × 10−8 W/m2-K4


Solution: Key = 24528 to 24532

Q44. A fluid (Prandtl number, Pr = 1) at 500 K flows over a flat plate of 1.5 m length, maintained at 300 K. The velocity of the fluid is 10 m/s. Assuming kinematic viscosity, v = 30 × 10−6 m2/s the thermal boundary layer thickness (in mm) at 0.5 m from the leading edge is __________

Solution: Key = 5.90 to 6.25

Q45. For water at 25℃ dps/dTs = 0.189 kPa/K(pis the saturation pressure in kPa and Ts is the saturation temperature in K) and the specific volume of dry saturated vapour is 43.38 m3/kg. Assume that the specific volume of liquid is negligible in comparison with that of vapour. Using the Clausius-Clapeyron equation, an estimate of the enthalpy of evaporation of water at 25℃ (in kJ/kg) is _________

Solution: 2400 to 2500

Q46. An ideal gas undergoes a reversible process in which the pressure varies linearly with volume. The conditions at the start (subscript 1) and at the end (subscript 2) of the process with usual notation are: p1 = 100 kPa, V1 = 0.2 m3and p2 = 200 kPa, V2 = 0.1 m3 and the gas constant, R = 0.275 kJ/kg-K. The magnitude of the work required for the process (in kJ) is ________

Solution: 14.75 to 15.25

Q47. In a steam power plant operating on an ideal Rankine cycle, superheated steam enters the turbine at 3 MPa and 350℃. The condenser pressure is 75 kPa. The thermal efficiency of the cycle is ________ percent.

Given data:

For saturated liquid, at P = 75 kPa, hf = 384.39 kJ/kg, vf = 0.001037 m3/kg, sf = 1.213 kJ/kg-K

At 75 kPa, hfg = 2278.6 kJ/kg, sfg = 6.2434 kJ/kg-K

At P = 3 MPa and T = 350℃ (superheated steam), h = 3115.3 kJ/kg, s= 6.7428 kJ/kg-K

Solution: Key = 25.8 to 26.1

Q48. A hypothetical engineering stress-strain curve shown in the figure has three straight lines PQ, QR, RS with coordinates P(0,0), Q(0.2,100), R(0.6,140) and S(0.8,130). ‘Q’ is the yield point, ‘R’ is the UTS point and ‘S’ the fracture point.


The toughness of the material (in MJ/m3) is __________

Solution: Key = 0.849 to 0.851

Q49. Heat is removed from a molten metal of mass 2 kg at a constant rate of 10 kW till it is completely solidified. The cooling curve is shown in the figure.


Assuming uniform temperature throughout the volume of the metal during solidification, the latent heat of fusion of the metal (in kJ/kg) is _______

Solution: Key = 49.9 to 50.1

Q50. The tool life equation for HSS tool is VT0.14 f0.7 d0.4 = constant. The tool life (T) of 30 min is obtained using the following cutting conditions:

V = 45 m/min, f = 0.35 mm, d = 2.0 mm

If speed (V), feed (f) and depth of cut (d) are increased individually by 25%, the tool life (in min) is

(A) 0.15               (B) 1.06                 (C) 22.50                    (D) 30.0

Solution: (B)

Q51. A cylindrical job with diameter of 200 mm and height of 100 mm is to be cast using modulus method of riser design. Assume that the bottom surface of cylindrical riser does not contribute as cooling surface. If the diameter of the riser is equal to its height, then the height of the riser (in mm) is

(A) 150              (B) 200                  (C) 100              (D) 152

Solution: (A)

Q52. A 300 mm thick slab is being cold rolled using roll of 600 mm diameter. If the coefficient of friction is 0.08, the maximum possible reduction (in mm) is __________

Solution: Key = 1.90 to 1.94

Q53. The figure below represents a triangle PQR with initial coordinates of the vertices as P(1,3), Q(4,5) and R(5,3.5). The triangle is rotated in the X-Y plane about the vertex P by angle θ in clockwise direction. If sin θ = 0.6 and cos θ= 0.8, the new coordinates of the vertex Q are



(A) (4.6, 2.8)

(B) (3.2, 4.6)

(C) (7.9, 5.5)

(D) (5.5, 7.9)

Solution: (A)

Q54. The annual demand for an item is 10,000 units. The unit cost is Rs. 100 and inventory carrying charges are 14.4% of the unit cost per annum. The cost of one procurement is Rs. 2000. The time between two consecutive orders to meet the above demand is _______ month(s).

Solution: Key = 1.9 to 2.1

Q55. Maximize Z=15X1 + 20X2

subject to

12X1 + 4X2 ≥ 36
12X1 − 6X2 ≤ 24
X1, X2 ≥ 0

The above linear programming problem has

(A) infeasible solution                                   (B) unbounded solution

(C) alternative optimum solutions              (D) degenerate solution

Solution: (B)