ELECTRICITY AND WATER PUMPING SYSTEM USING WIND MILL
Aero turbines convert wind energy into rotary mechanical energy. A mechanical interface, consisting of a step-up gear and a suitable coupling transmits the energy to an electrical generator. The output of this generator is connected to the Battery or system grid. The battery is connected to the inverter. The inverter is used to convert DC voltages to AC voltages. The load is drawn current from the inverter.
Gear box is the main components of the wind mill. In our project main shaft is also connected to the pump which is drawn water from the ground level. Gear box consist of
- Mains haft with Leafs
- Gear Wheel Arrangement
Wind power ratings can be divided into three convenient grouping, small to 1kW, medium to 50 kW and large 200 kW to megawatt frame size.
Wind energy offers another source for pumping as well as electric power generation. India has potential of over 20,000 MW for power generation and ranks as one of the promising countries for tapping this source. The cost of power generation from wind farms has now become lower than diesel power and comparable to thermal power in several areas of our country especially near the coasts.
Wind power projects of aggregate capacity of 8 MW including 7 wind farms projects of capacity 6.85 MW have been established in different parts of the country of which 3 MW capacities has been completed in 1989 by DNES. Wind farms are operating successfully and have already fed over 150 lakes units of electricity to the respective state grids. Over 25 MW of additional power capacity from wind is under implementation. Under demonstration programmer 271 wind pumps have been installed up to February 1989. Sixty small wind battery charges of capacities 300 watts to 4 kW are under installation. Likewise to stand-alone wind electric generators of 10 to 25 kW are under installation.
ADVANTAGES OF WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM
- The major advantage of this design is that the rotor blades can accept the wind from any compass.
- Another added advantage is that the machine can be mounted on the ground eliminating tower structures and lifting of huge weight of machine assembly, i.e. it can be operated close to the ground level.
- Since this machine has vertical axis symmetry, it eliminates yaw control requirement for its rotor to capture wind energy. A dual purpose and relatively simple shaft axis support is anticipated as well as ground level power output delivery due to presence of vertical shaft. This may in turn, allow easier access and serviceability.
- Airfoil rotor fabrication costs are expected to be reduced over conventional rotor blade costs.
- The absence of pitch control requirements for synchronous operation may yield additional cost savings.
- The tip speed ratio and power coefficient are considerably better than those of the S-rotor but are still below the values for a modern horizontal-axis, two-bladed propeller rotor.
DISADVANTAGES OF WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM
- Rotor power output efficiency of a Darrieus wind energy conversion system is also somewhat lower than that of a conventional horizontal rotor.
- Because a Darrieus rotor is generally situated near ground proximity, it may also experience lower velocity wind compared to a tower mounted conventional wind energy conversion system of comparable projected rotor disc area. This may yield less energy output.
Direct heat applications
Mechanical motion derived from wind power can be used to drive heat pumps or to produce heat from the friction of solid materials, or by the churning of water or other fluids, or in other cases, by the use of centrifugal or other types of pumps in combination with restrictive orifices that produces heat from friction and turbulence when the working fluid flows through them. This heat may then be stored in materials having a high heat capacity, such as water, stones, eutectic salts, etc.,
A home heating system that uses a wind powered pump and a restrictive orifice to derive direct heat for a building, without first generating electricity also has been developed.
Electric Generation Applications:
Wind power can be used in centralized utility applications to drive synchronous A.C. electrical generators. In such applications the energy is fed directly into power networks through voltage step-up transformers.
WECS units can be integrated with existing hydro electrical networks and used in a “water-saver” mode of operation. When the wind is blowing, electrical an amount equal to the being can reduce generation at the hydroelectric plants in the network produced by the WECS units. Thus, the wind turbines supply part of the network load that is ordinarily produced by the hydroelectric generators. Under these conditions some of the water that would have been used by the hydroelectric plant to supply the load is saved in the reservoir and made available for later use when the wind is not blowing.