In this Electrical Power Generation Using Foot Steps Project, we are generating electrical power as non-conventional method by simply walking or running on the footstep. Non-conventional energy system is very essential at this time to our nation. Non-conventional energy using foot step needs no input power to generate the output of the electrical power. This project using a simple drive mechanism such as rock and pinion assembles and chain drive mechanism.
For this project- Electrical Power Generation Using Foot Step the conversion of the force energy into electrical energy. The control mechanism carries the rack & pinion, D.C generator, battery and inverter control. We have discussed the various applications and further extension also.
Man has needed and used energy at an increasing rate for his sustenance and well being ever since he came on the earth a few million years ago. Primitive man required energy primarily in the form of food. He derived this by eating plants or animals, which he hunted. Subsequently, he discovered fire and his energy needs increased as he started to make use of wood and other biomass to supply the energy needs for cooking as well as for keeping himself warm. With the passage of time, man started to cultivate land for agriculture. He added a new dimension to the use of energy by domesticating and training animals to work for him.
With further demand for energy, man began to use the wind for sailing ships and for driving windmills, and the force of falling water to turn the water for sailing ships and for driving windmills, and the force of falling water to turn water wheels. Till this time, it would not be wrong to say that the sun was supplying all the energy needs of man either directly or indirectly and that man was using only renewable sources of energy.
The complete diagram of the footstep power generation is given below. Only one step is inclined in certain small angle which is used to generate the power. The pushing power is converted into electrical energy by proper driving arrangement. The rack & pinion, spring arrangement is fixed at the inclined step. The spring is used to return the inclined step in the same position by releasing the load. The pinion shaft is connected to the supporter by end bearings as shown in fig. The larger sprocket also coupled with the pinion shaft, so that it is running the same speed of the pinion. The larger sprocket is coupled to the small cycle sprocket with the help of chain (cycle). This larger sprocket is used to transfer the rotation force to the smaller sprocket. The smaller sprocket is running the same direction of the forward and reverse direction of rotational movement of the larger sprocket. This action looks like a cycle pedaling action.
The flywheel and gear wheel is also coupled to the smaller sprocket shaft. The flywheel is used to increase the RPM of the smaller sprocket shaft. The gear wheel is coupled to the generator shaft with the help of another gear wheel. The generator is used here, is permanent magnet D.C generator. The generated voltage is 12Volt D.C. This D.C voltage is stored in the Lead-acid 12 Volt battery.
The battery is connected to the inverter. This inverter is used to convert the 12 Volt D.C to the 230 Volt A.C. This working principle is already explained in the above chapter. This 230 Volt A.C voltage is used to activate the light, fan and etc. By increasing the capacity of the battery and inverter circuit, the power rating is increased. This arrangement is fitted in a shopping complex, college and wherever the large people walking on the foot steps simultaneously.
- Power generation is simply walking on the step
- Power also generated by running or exercising on the step.
- No need to fuel input
- This is a Non-conventional system
- The battery is used to store the generated power
- Only applicable in the particular place.
- Mechanical moving parts are high
- The initial cost of this arrangement is high.
- Care should be taken for batteries
Power generation using foot step can be used in most of the places such as
- Cinema theatres,
- Shopping complex and
- Many other buildings.